In the civilisations of antiquity, the use of slave labour was widespread. Timeline of 20th century events related to Children's Rights in the UK in chronological order; Date Parties Event Image 1904 UK Government The Prevention of Cruelty to Children Act gave the NSPCC a statutory right to intervene in child protection cases. They held open ventilator doors for coal wagons to pass through, which were pulled by older children. Some of the maladies associated with unregulated labour were identified by Pliny as " diseases of slaves." The International Labour Organisation states in its latest World Report on Child Labour (2013) that there are around 265 million working children in the world—almost 17 per cent of the worldwide child population. Child labor has existed for much of U.S. history, though most has been eliminated by child labor laws. According to the publicly available data discussed in more detail below, Sub-Saharan Africa is the region where child labour is most prevalent. The main legislation restricting the use of children in employment is the Children and Young Persons Act 1933. Child Labor and Exploitation. Child employment This page explains the law on children and young people working including how old a child or young person must be to work, what type of work they can do and the maximum amount of hours they can work. But child exploitation continues around the world. “The announcement by the United Kingdom is a major contribution to the fight against the worst forms of child labour, which is essential if we want to achieve the ambitious SDG 8.7 target, that calls to end child labour in all its forms by 2025,” she added. A look at child labour in Victorian times. The following year, a further act brought together all existing child protection law into a single piece of legislation. United Kingdom labour law regulates the relations between workers, employers and trade unions. In Europe, North America, Australia, and New Zealand, children under age 15 rarely work except in commercial agriculture, because of the effective enforcement of laws passed in the first half of the 20th century. There are extensive laws and regulations regarding child labor and exploitation in England and Wales. New World Encyclopedia, February 2017, s.v., “Child Labor,” by New World Encyclopedia Contributors. At what age can a child or young person work? People at work in the UK benefit from a minimum charter of employment rights, which are found in various Acts, Regulations, common law and equity.This includes the right to a minimum wage of £8.21 for over 25-year-olds under the National Minimum Wage Act 1998. Back in the early 19th century, child labour was common, with children as young as five years old working up to six days a week under ground. The history of labour law concerns the development of labour law as a way of regulating and improving the life of people at work. 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