Symptoms of azalea or rhododendron poisoning, according to the ASPCA Animal Poison Control Center, include gastrointestinal signs (drooling, vomiting, diarrhea, lack of appetite), heart arrhythmias, weakness, tremors, transient blindness, seizures, coma, and death). All parts of the plant contain the poisonous agent lycorine, but the bulbs are the most toxic, according to the Pet Poison Helpline. By: Chewy EditorialPublished: December 6, 2019, BeWell / Wellness / Which Plants Are Poisonous to Cats? Do not wait, as prompt treatment can mean the difference between life and death. Azaleas and rhododendrons are plants toxic to cats that can potentially cause death if the symptoms aren't treated quickly. Two animal poison hotlines that are available 24 hours a day, seven days a week are the ASPCA Animal Poison Control Center at 888-426-4435 (consultation fee may apply) and the Pet Poison Helpline at 855-764-7661 ($59 consultation fee applies). While the foliage is ornamental, the plant is most loved for its clusters of large, brightly colored, bell-shaped flowers. Poisonous substances on their fur can also get into the body by being absorbed through the skin.Also associated with grooming, comes when the cat walks through something such as ice melt salt or household cleaners. They are grown in many gardens throughout the United States. A number of common garden plants are actually toxic to cats. The toxin is called grayanotoxins and even small ingestion is highly poisonous. ... Azaleas & Rhododendrons (Rhododendron spp.) Azaleas and Rhododendrons . The main toxic compound is cycasin, the ASPCA says, which causes severe liver damage. Though these large shrubs are usually grown outdoors, smaller plants are sometimes used as houseplants. When ingested, holly causes vomiting, diarrhea, and depression. The exact poisonous element or elements of the plant are unknown. Cats can experience mild to severe plant toxicity ranging from vomiting to blood in the stool, depending on the poisonous component of the plant. The toxins occur in nectar too where they ensure that only the best pollinators (that can tolerate the toxins) visit. “For indoor plants, cats are likely to ingest the plants. The level of its toxicity depends on the amount ingested. Although many plants contain the word “lily” in their name, Dr. Wismer says, certain species are the most dangerous to cats, including Asiatic lilies, Easter lilies, Japanese show lilies, rubrum lilies, stargazer lilies, red lilies, tiger lilies, Western lilies, wood lilies, and daylilies. All parts of the plant are toxic and a cat can become poisoned by ingesting a tiny amount of the plant. All cat parents should know the most common plants that are poisonous to cats. It can cause heart arrhythmias, tremors, weakness, seizures, and coma. Hospitalization along with a close monitoring of the cat will likely be needed. determine what is toxic to a particular pet. Toxicity: Toxic to Dogs, Toxic to Cats, Toxic to Horses. This long-leafed, tree-like plant is extremely poisonous to cats. “The cat owner had no idea that the cat ate a lily. All parts of a rhododendron bush, including the leaves, stems and blooms, are toxic to both cats and dogs. While the poisonous component has not yet been identified, it is clear that even with ingestions of very small amounts of the plant, severe kidney damage could result. may collect a share of sales or other compensation from the links on this page. Castor Bean (Ricinus communis) Chrysanthemum, Daisy, Mum (Chrysanthemum … The cat was hospitalized, treated with intravenous fluids and given supportive care to restore her kidney function. Some cats do make a recovery without treatment, however, this is rare and the chance of survival vastly increases with medical attention. Here’s a list of some common plants that are toxic to cats: Amaryllis (Amaryllis spp.) From the azalea, all the parts of the plant can poison … While not deathly toxic, they can cause nasty tummy or skin irritation when eaten (mouth irritation, vomiting, digestive irritation). The toxic chemical in rhododendrons is grayantoxin. Cats come in contact with poisonous substances through more than one route. Scientific Name: Rhododendron spp. It is the presence of toxic resins called “grayanotoxins” that … Most plants that fall into the genus Narcissus, including daffodils (also called jonquil, paper white or Narcissus), are flowering spring perennials. Most symptoms of rhododendron poisoning will manifest within 6 hours of plant consumption. Cyclamens Only a small amount of rhododendron is … Call your veterinarian or an animal poison control hotline quickly. Help your cat with depression by doing these... Get tips for potty training your cat to use the bathroom outside. So, what plants should cat parents be on the lookout to avoid? It has been reported that on 1.6 ounces of fresh azalea foliage could be toxic to an average sized goat2. This is when the vet induces the cat to vomit, often using hydrogen peroxide, to remove any undigested plant material from the stomach. Rhododendrons produce toxins to protect against herbivores feeding on their leaves. An old dog losing hair can be very concerning to pet parents. This neurotoxin affects the body's nerve cells. The tubers and roots are the most toxic, but all parts of the plant contain the toxic component, saponins, according to the Pet Poison Helpline. Their urge to clean their paws following this type of activity is natur… This may include intravenous fluid administration and/or respiratory support. Tulips contain tulipalin A and tulipalin B and hyacinths contain possibly narcissus-like alkaloids, according to the ASPCA Animal Poison Control Center. All parts of the plant are considered poisonous, and as little as ingestion of 0.2% of an animal’s body weight can result in poisoning. Rarely, if cats ingest large quantities of kalanchoe, they might experience more severe symptoms, including heart arrhythmias, collapse and seizures, according to the Pet Poison Helpline. There are different types, and they are also rather popular. In some cases, cats who ingest daffodils and other plants in the Narcissus genus experience cardiac arrhythmias, extremely low blood pressure, breathing difficulties and convulsions, according to the ASPCA Animal Poison Control Center. If only tiny amounts were consumed, cats could display mild symptoms such as lack of appetite, diarrhea, vomiting, and abdominal pain. A number of factors (amount of substance ingested, size of the animal, allergies, etc.) Depression / Diarrhea / Pain / Paralysis / Vomiting / Weakness. There are thousands of plants that are toxic to cats. These plants contain grayanotoxins which disrupt sodium channels affecting the skeletal and cardiac muscle. is also known as mother-in-law plant, devil’s backbone, mother-of-millions and chandelier plant. Research reveals that the plant and its seeds possess cyanide. The whole plant is toxic, even the fruits. What Plants are Poisonous to Cats? Azaleas and rhododendron. “Being able to nail it down to a particular plant is great when you can, but I think it’s somewhat rare.”. ), known as charming dieffenbachia, dumb cane, exotica perfection, giant dumb cane, gold dieffenbachia, spotted dumb cane, tropic snow, and variable dieffenbachia, is part of a genus of tropical flowering plants in the Araceae family. In rhododendron ponticum’s original home, the Black Sea area of Turkey, cases of poisoning have been reported since that century as well. Autumn crocus is poisonous to dogs, cats and horses, according to the ASPCA Animal Poison Control Center. Pet Poison Helpline revealed that their level of toxicity is, however, not … Some plants may not be deadly, but can cause stomach upset if ingested. Urinalysis may also be needed to assess if damage has occurred to the liver or kidneys. If you suspect your cat has ingested any part of a plant that’s poisonous to cats, even just chewing or licking the leaves or flowers, take immediate action, Dr. Weitzman says. Cats need only ingest a tiny bit of the aforementioned lilies (for instance, chewing on one or two petals or leaves) to take in enough toxin to cause death. ), also known as Persian violet and sowbread, is a genus of more than 20 species of perennial flowering plants that are often kept indoors. Horses and cats, like dogs, are susceptible to the poisonous effects of grayantoxin. Autumn crocus Autumn crocus is also known as meadow saffron. This is the first written account of “honey intoxication,” in which 10,000 Greek soldiers were affected by eating honey made from rhododendron nectar. While extremely beautiful, the azalea plant is toxic to both humans and cats. This story illustrates why it’s so important to seek immediate veterinarian care any time your cat is acting sick. If possible, Dr. Weitzman says, take photos of the plant in question and bring a sample with you to the veterinarian. Cats suffering from depression can display behavior problems and other physical symptoms. These grayanotoxins are composed of water soluble diterpenoid compounds that bind themselves to channels on cell membranes inside the cat. The veterinarian will then perform a complete physical examination of the cat. After the first two days, the cat will either start to recover or take a turn for the worst, become comatose and die. Outbreaks among humans in the 1980s were confirmed in Turkey and Austria, as well as in goats in Britain. All parts of the rhododendron are toxic and have the potential of causing serious damage to cats because of their small body size. Eating as few as three leaves may be a large enough dosage to kill a cat. Toxic Principles: Grayantoxin. Even just licking the pollen from the flowers or drinking water from the vase of lilies can spell death for a cat, Dr. Wismer says. Alstroemeria are a little poisonous to cats. If you have any of the following houseplants, consider replacing them as they can be toxic to your feline companion. She just knew that the cat stopped eating and was hiding in a corner,” Dr. Osborne says. This will reveal the cat's overall health condition. This is super unlucky, because there are a lot of rhododendrons out there. Cats may experience a little diarrhea or upset stomach if they eat too much, but the petals … All parts of the Azalea plant are toxic. You may be asked if you allow your cat outdoors, and which types of plants are grown in your garden. All plants in this genus contain toxins that can affect cats in a variety of ways, including the gastric, cardiovascular, and nervous systems. If there is no sign of plant consumption but serious effects are being exhibited, a diagnosis may be more difficult. Click to see full answer Rhododendron sp. The following list of plants poisonous to cats is not exhaustive, but includes many varieties that can harm your cat, according to the ASPCA: By: Caitlin UltimoPublished: January 1, 2013, By: Caitlin UltimoPublished: November 18, 2015, By: Caitlin UltimoPublished: April 18, 2017, By: Caitlin UltimoPublished: August 24, 2017, By: Chewy EditorialPublished: October 15, 2016. Symptoms of toxicity from these two plants include excessive drooling, diarrhea, vomiting, and coma. The toxic principle in other plants may have a systemic effect and damage or alter the function of a cat’s organs, like the kidney or heart. And again, it is toxic for cats. Azaleas and Rhododendrons share common characteristics with some small trees and flowering shrubs known to be poisonous to cats. It is the presence of toxic resins called “grayanotoxins” that make this plant so dangerous. The stem, leaves, and flowers of the plant are all highly toxic. Oleander (Nerium oleander), also known as Nerium oleander, white oleander and Rose-Bay, is a popular outdoor flowering shrub found in warm climates. Under no circumstances is it acceptable or safe for a cat to eat any part of a hibiscus plant. Autumn Crocus (Colchicum autumnale) Azaleas and Rhododendrons (Rhododendron spp.) Sago palm (Cycas revoluta), also known as coontie palm, cardboard palm, cycads and zamias, is a common plant found outdoors in tropical/subtropical areas. The answer should make you feel better about putting them in your garden and bringing them into your home. Unfortunately, a lot of times cats nibble on plants without their parents’ knowledge. All parts of the lily plant are toxic to cats if ingested, and consuming small amounts can result in severe poisoning. “Easter lilies are very dangerous for cats; ingestion of any part of the plant, or even the pollen, can cause kidney failure,” Dr. Wismer says. The toxin levels in nectar of invasive plants are lower than that of native plants. “That’s how we put two and two together,” Dr. Osborne says. This common houseplant contains insoluble calcium oxalate crystals, which cause oral irritation (burning feeling in the mouth, drooling, vomiting, difficulty swallowing), according to the Pet Poison Helpline. Even with quick and aggressive veterinary treatment, the prognosis for survival is only 50 percent, according to the Pet Poison Helpline website. When grass is available, most cats will not eat outside plants or flowers. “It is best to familiarize yourself with the list of toxic plants and keep these types of plants out of your home or garden for the health and safety of your pet,” Dr. Wismer says. Providing your cat's medical history can help the vet to differentiate pre-existing health issues from a poisoning. The autumn crocus (Colchicum autumnale), also known as meadow saffron or naked lady, is a common ornamental flowering plant that blooms in the fall. This leads to the depolarization of the cells, causing serious issues throughout the body and inhibiting normal organ and central nervous system function. The toxic component is called grayanotoxins. The thick foliage of the rhododendron is shiny on the top of the leaves and matte on the undersides. According to the ASPCA Animal Poison Control Center, signs of cyclamen toxicity involving small amounts of the plant include drooling, vomiting and diarrhea. There is no exact treatment course for Rhododendron poisoning, so treatment will depend on symptoms and their severity. Grayanotoxins, all parts of the plant are toxic; Azaleas and rhododendrons. Many types of lily, such as tiger, Asian, Japanese Show, Easter, Stargazer and the casa blanca, can cause kidney failure in cats. Cases of rhododendron poisoning among humans who have eaten toxic honey date as far back as 400 B.C. More than 11,000 calls to the ASPCA’s Animal Poison Control Center were logged about plants in 2018, according to Tina Wismer, DVM, DABVT, DABT, the center’s medical director. Oleander contains cardiac glycoside toxins, which adversely affect the heart muscle, according to the ASPCA Animal Poison Control Center. If you see your cat eat something that you suspect to be poisonous, do not attempt to make the cat vomit. Take samples of vomit, stool, and the poison your cat ate to the vet with your cat. There are more than 1,000 species in this family of plants, and the degree of toxicity varies from moderate to severe, according to the Pet Poison Helpline. All signs to watch for are listed as follows: The leaves of most Rhododendrons stay green throughout the winter, which may lead to outdoor cats being more prone to sample them as there may not be any other foliage around. According to the Pet Poison Helpline, cats that ingest autumn crocus may show gastrointestinal signs (for instance, drooling, vomiting and bloody diarrhea), breathing difficulties, seizures, kidney and liver damage, and even death. Cats are good climbers, so it’s best to move plants to a safe place they cannot access and don’t underestimate their ability to get at things that are high up.”. Cat parents should not keep this houseplant indoors. Scientific Name: Rhododendron spp. Although generally not deadly, exposure to this plant is painful and extremely uncomfortable for cats, so these plants should not be kept in homes with cats. The cat's temperature will be taken and its blood pressure will be measured. A Complete Guide. “Hanging planters are a great option as well.”. Plants that are poisonous to cats made up 3,675, or about a third, of those calls. Cats CANNOT eat: Aloe Vera; Amaryllis; Asian Lily; Asparagus Fern Autumn Crocus; Azalea (Rhododendron) Begonia; Bittersweet Boxwood; Burning Bush; Calla Lily; Castor Bean; Christmas Rose/Lenten Rose; Common or cherry laurel; Carnations; Catnip (Many cats love catnip, but it can cause vomiting and diarrhea.) I think there might be a few exceptions, but if in doubt? Azaleas and rhododendrons (Rhododendron spp.) If you have rhododendrons in your garden, there are natural deterrents you can use to keep cats out including vinegar or cayenne pepper along the edge of the garden bed. Grayanotoxin can be very toxic to cats and other animals. Rhododendrons generally do not exceed 5 feet in height. It also finds it's way into honey if there are a lot of rhododendrons in the area making the honey poisonous. Gardeners must take care to keep daffodil bulbs away from cats. Items are sold by the retailer, not Wag!. are related species of flowering shrubs and small trees that are toxic to cats. Mature cats have specific dietary requirements. All parts of the sago palm plant are toxic, but the seeds are the deadliest, according to the Pet Poison Helpline. If you're concerned, the best way to prevent your cat from being poisoned is simply to not have lilies plants in your home or garden. Azalea/Rhododendron. While it's rare that a cat will consume a large enough amount to become ill, it's better to be safe and know which plants are potentially harmful and by what degree. Rhododendron consumption can be a medical emergency in some instances. The sooner you get your cat to a veterinarian for treatment, the better the outcome. Dieffenbachia is (Dieffenbachia spp. Which Plants Are Poisonous to Cats? Occasionally, out of boredom or curiosity, a cat may nibble on a leaf or stem. In order to make sure that everyone in your family has a good holiday–including your cats–make sure to keep this plant far out of reach. Various medications may be used to stabilize the heart including atropine or isoproterenol to quicken the heart rate and prevent heart block. There are several rhododendrons in the market as Bonsai trees. The toxicity of various plants and flowers can range from mild to severe, depending on the poisonous component of the plant. 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