Introduction. ; Xie, J.; Luo, Z.; Li, L.; Carberry, P.; Li, Q.; Deng, X. Mulching-Induced Changes in Tuber Yield and Nitrogen Use Efficiency in Potato in China: A Meta-Analysis. ; Khan, A.; Khan, M.I. The authors declare no conflict of interest. Badri, D.V. Multi-Factor Diagnostic and Recommendation System for Boron in Neutral and Acidic Soils. Declining agricultural productivity in Nigeria is a consequence of general mismanagement of the soils. Manure is most, effectively used in combination with other sustainable and organic farming practices such as crop rotation, cover cropping, green manuring, and liming. Cover crops contribute to overall soil health by catching nutrients before they can leach out of the soil profile, or by adding nitrogen to the soil, as is the case with legumes. 1 (2005): Ife Journal of Agriculture. Explain the meaning of soil fertility and a fertile soil. ; van der Linden, C.G. Soil fertility decline is a big issue in the Agriculture of Ethiopia, because a large proportion of the population (85%) live on it but these much population does not satisfy a reliable production from the agriculture, instead a decline in their crop yield are letting them to suffer from poverty and malnutrition. Sustainable crop production reintegrates this cycle, using animal manure, compost and other natural fertilizers to improve soil health and ecosystem-based pest controls instead of chemical pesticides. Talboys, P.; Heppell, J.; Roose, T.; Healey, J.; Jones, D.; Withers, P. Struvite: A slow-release fertiliser for sustainable phosphorus management? Plant nutrients are therefore a vital component of sustainable agriculture. Animals and plants show physical symptoms but the soil must be 3. With the ever rising population in Nigeria and consequent need for more food, it is essential to employ a holistic approach embracing integration of plant nutrition management system with other crop production practices/inputs. This approach enhances sustainable soil fertility management for optimum crop production in the country. Irrespective of the size of your field or plot, supplying plants with the right amount of nutrients at the right time is the key to a successful vegetable production enterprise. Most of the time, the average person treats the soil "like dirt". Regulation and function of root exudates. ; Tisdale, S.L. J.H. Sattari, S.; Bouwmann, A.; Giller, K.; van Ittersum, M. Residual soil phosphorus as the missing piece in the global phosphorus crisis puzzle. Soil fertility and nutrient management is one of the important factors that have a direct impact on crop yield and quality. Li, W.; Yang, M.; Wang, J.; Wang, Z.; Fan, Z.; Kang, F.; Wang, Y.; Luo, Y.; Kuang, D.; Chen, Z.; et al. Gad, N.; Sekara, A.; Abdelhamid, M.T. 21 No. Increasing crop productivity per unit of land area to meet future food and fiber demand increases both soil nutrient removal and the importance of replenishing soil fertility through efficient nutrient management practices. Lisuma, J.; Mbega, E.; Ndakidemi, P. Influence of Tobacco Plant on Macronutrient Levels in Sandy Soils. Use of chemical fertilizers is one of the most important modern technologies that have helped boost China's crop production. o. We need to increase adoption of existing techniques and develop new technologies and crop varieties, if we are to achieve the gains in food production needed. Soil fertility is the capacity of the soil to supply mineral nutrient elements to crop. Therefore, soil management has a special place in terms of fertilizer usage efficiency. With the ever rising population in Nigeria and consequent need for more food, it is essential to employ a holistic approach embracing integration of plant nutrition management system with other crop production practices/inputs. 36. Regardless of source, nutrients applied at rates greater than the rate of crop removal ultimately increase residual applied nutrient reserves and their potential transport to the environment. This means that factors such as cost (amendments, fuel, and equipment) must be evaluated for their contribution to increased yields. Land degradation: An overview. ; Xie, J.; Yu, J.; Li, J.; Zhang, J.; Tang, C.; Niu, T.; Gan, Y. Slow-Release Fertilizer Improves the Growth, Quality, and Nutrient Utilization of Wintering Chinese Chives (, Aslam, Z.; Bashir, S.; Hassan, W.; Bellitürk, K.; Ahmad, N.; Niazi, N.K. Nutrients applied in excess of crop requirements increase residual nutrient reserves that, if not utilized or recovered in subsequent crops, may result in offsite transport and contribute to degradation of environmental quality [, Using the QUEFTS model (Quantitative Evaluation of the Fertility of Tropical Soils), Xie et al. One of the good agricultural practices (GAPs) associated with CA is integrated soil fertility management (ISFM), which essentially depends on locally adapted CA principles and practices to build-up soil health, allowing producers to reduce the use of fertilisers, while sustaining good and stable yields and increasing profitability. MDPI stays neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations. Department of Crop Soil Sciences, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC 27695, USA, Department of Crop Soil Sciences, North Carolina State University, Plymouth, NC 27962, USA. Find support for a specific problem on the support section of our website. For example, struvite (MgNH, While not directly related to nutrient application, ensuring that soil chemical properties are maintained at levels suitable for optimum production is critical. Vaneeckhaute, C.; Janda, J.; Vanrolleghem, P.; Tack, F.; Meers, E. Phosphorus use efficiency in bio-based fertilizers: A bio-availability and fractionation study. The goal of soil nutrient management is to sustainably produce profitable crops. Managing Cover Crops Profitably, 3rd Edition (SARE) Excellent resource for cover crop basics and how to incorporate them into farming practices. Song, L.; Wang, S.; Ye, W. Establishment and Application of Critical Nitrogen Dilution Curve for Rice Based on Leaf Dry Matter. The 15 manuscripts in the Soil Fertility Management for Better Crop Production special issue communicate results of soil- and nutrient-management research that advance our ability to quantify soil nutrient reserves, enhance nutrient availability, and maximize soil and crop productivity. nutrient use efficiency; nutrient management; rhizosphere; soil fertility; nutrient cycling; soil testing; plant analysis, Responses to Land Degradation, Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Land Degradation and Desertification, Khon Kaen, Thailand, 25 January 1999, Food, Fuel, and Plant Nutrient Use in the Future, Soil Fertility and Nutrient Management: An Introduction to Nutrient Management, Phosphorus: Agriculture and the Environment. Wang, L.; Coulter, J.A. Improvement of soil fertility, carbon sequestration and lesser soil and water pollution are also included in the aim of sustainable plant production system (Imadi et al. Please note that many of the page functionalities won't work as expected without javascript enabled. 2016). [, The development of biofertilizers containing organic waste material has been demonstrated to enhance nutrient availability to plants [, With increasing global population, animal and biosolid wastes provide substantial resources for nutrient recycling in agriculture. Subscribe to receive issue release notifications and newsletters from MDPI journals, You can make submissions to other journals. In the plant-animal-soil continuum, soil is often neglected because it does not indicate stress in an obvious way. Natural animal raising. In agriculture, cover crops are plants that are planted to cover the soil rather than for the purpose of being harvested.Cover crops manage soil erosion, soil fertility, soil quality, water, weeds, pests, diseases, biodiversity and wildlife in an agroecosystem—an ecological system managed and shaped by humans. ; Khiari, L.; Gallichand, J.; Joseph, C.A. Cover Crops. Soil fertility improvement is sustained by effective soil characterization and testing, use of improved fallows, planting of legumes and cover crops, efficient fertilizer use and management, adoption of low input technology involving use of organic fertilizer and supplementation with inorganic fertilizer, use of agro-minerals, alley farming, bio-fertilization, etc. In this respect, soil management includes more factors such as chemical fertilizers and the use of organic fertilizers (applied fertilizer type, dose, fertilizer application time, method) and irrigation. First, many organic inputs (such as cover crops, crop residues, manure, and compost) are added to the soil for reasons other than fertility management, yet they contribute to the pool of nutrients in the soil. Havlin, J.L. Monogr, Help us to further improve by taking part in this short 5 minute survey, Rootstock Effect on Physico-Chemical and Nutritional Quality of Mandarin ‘Clemenules’ during the Harvest Season, Maize Grain Composition with Additions of NPK Briquette and Organically Enhanced N Fertilizer, Soil Fertility Management for Better Crop Production, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/, Eswaran, H.; Lal, R.; Reich, P.F. By understanding how the soil processes that support plant growth and regulate environmental quality are affected by management practices, it is possible to design a crop and soil management system that improves and maintains soil health over time. In. ; Beaton, J.D. 2. Roberts, T.L. ; Kleinman, P.J.A. In. Not only … Increased crop production largely relics on the type of fertilizers used to supplement essential nutrients for plants. Han, Y.; Ma, W.; Zhou, B.; Yang, X.; Salah, A.; Li, C.; Cao, C.; Zhan, M.; Zhao, M. Effects of Straw-Return Method for the Maize–Rice Rotation System on Soil Properties and Crop Yields. Highlights of some existing soil resource management strategies for the enhancement of effective crop production systems are provided with respect to South Western Nigeria. Gomiero, T. Soil Degradation, Land Scarcity and Food Security: Reviewing a Complex Challenge. So, a farmer must determine if the cost of additional fertilizer will be repaid by the predicted additional yield. Phosphorus use efficiency and management in agriculture. Sustainable animal farming is possible and is better for everyone. Dupré, R.L.C. Since nearly all of the global land area suitable for agricultural production is currently under cultivation, future food and fiber demand must be met by increasing plant yield per unit of land area. van de Wiel, C.C.M. Xie, M.; Wang, Z.; Xu, X.; Zheng, X.; Liu, H.; Shi, P. Quantitative Estimation of the Nutrient Uptake Requirements of Peanut. Integrated soil fertility management (67% organic fertilizer + 33% inorganic fertilizer) was found to be most economically viable option to farmers as well as reducing soil … ; Vivanco, J.M. and R.H. contributed to organizing the special issue, editorial work, and writing this editorial. Bacterial Bio Fertilizers. The Potential Role of Cobalt and/or Organic Fertilizers in Improving the Growth, Yield, and Nutritional Composition of, Wang, C.; Lv, J.; Coulter, J.A. those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publisher and the editor(s). Maintenance of soil fertility at the economically optimal level with appropriate source of fertilizers combination is essential for sustainable crop production. This special issue, Soil Fertility Management for Better Crop Production, presents 15 manuscripts that advance our knowledge of interrelated soil, plant, and management factors important to increasing the nutrient availability and crop recovery of applied nutrients. Wang, X.; Liu, S.; Yin, X.; Bellaloui, N.; Winings, J.H. The statements, opinions and data contained in the journals are solely [. Management of nutrients such as phosphorus, potassium, calcium, Hence, different soil fertility amendment options have been done with different fertilizers sources. Sims, J.T. From cycling nutrients to reducing erosion to breaking compaction, cover crops offer a host of benefits to soil and fertility. Since nearly all of the global land area suitable for agricultural production is currently under... 2. In. Our dedicated information section provides allows you to learn more about MDPI. Integrated Soil Fertility Management (ISFM) is an approach based on the following principles: Neither practices based solely on mineral fertilizers nor solely on organic matter management are sufficient for sustainable agricultural production. Soil management is important, both directly and indirectly, to crop productivity, environmental sustainability, and human health. ; Chen, Z.; Maitah, M. Unveiling the Efficiency of Vermicompost Derived from Different Biowastes on Wheat (. This section provides comprehensive information on a wide variety of practices and strategies for optimal organic fertility management, including cover crops, manure, soil health, crop rotation, nutrient management plans and organic fertilizer. Understanding these processes and interactions is essential to optimizing plant nutrient availability and minimizing nutrient losses to the environment. Vol. The chapter discusses several aspects of these factors and their interplay in maintaining optimal crop production. ; Tsujimoto, Y.; Rakotoarisoa, N.M. Optimizing the Phosphorus Concentration and Duration of Seedling Dipping in Soil Slurry for Accelerating the Initial Growth of Transplanted Rice. The statements, opinions and data contained in the journal, © 1996-2020 MDPI (Basel, Switzerland) unless otherwise stated. A wise farmer/rancher will care for the soil because he knows that man is dependent on the top 6 inches (15.2 centimeters) of soil. For example, addition of twice the amount of fertilizer may not double the yield of the crop. Soil testing is essential for the assessment of nutrient levels, and it is often required for organic certification. Ethiopia stakeholders’ workshop: Transforming soil health and fertility management for sustainable increased agricultural productivity. Oo, A.Z. Improving phosphorus use efficiency in agriculture: Opportunities for breeding. Fuentes-Ramirez, L.E. Affordable Livestock manure is a valuable resource for organic and sustainable soil management. ; Agyin-Birikorang, S.; Singh, U.; Sanabria, J.; Mengistu, A. Maize Grain Composition with Additions of NPK Briquette and Organically Enhanced N Fertilizer. , you can make submissions to other journals productive, and placement sheet... Done with different fertilizers sources fertile soil … from cycling nutrients to reducing to... Resource for organic and sustainable soil management and soil fertility management for sustainable crop production for achieving phosphorus Security will repaid. The average person treats the soil through soil testing of fertilizer may not double the yield of soil! In Sandy soils neutral and Acidic soils and interactions is soil fertility management for sustainable crop production for the assessment of levels. A host of benefits to soil and crop productivity, environmental sustainability and... 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