These teapots after years carefully used and maintained will become glossier and more elegant looking. A real yixing should not have any mold marks (from a cast, not fungus – if you do find fungus, consider purchasing a different teapot) inside the teapot (seams and stems). The Institute will use these rare samples for our research, and to help determine the authenticity of our collection. They can also be used for green or white teas, however, the heat retention characteristics of Yixing makes the brewing process extremely difficult; and in such cases, the water must be heated to no greater than 85 °C (185 °F), before pouring into the teapot. Your email address will not be published. Jiangsu province, China, is renowned for its “Zhuni”, which means red clay, from Yixing county. The majority of the mines were closed in 1992, and the rest were closed in 1996. Purple Yixing Clay – Most common. Zi Ni is the most common ZiSha clay type. The unglazed clay absorbed the flavors and aromas of the tea seasoning the pot after many uses. An exception to this is Lüni (绿泥/green clay), which refers to the color of the raw material. Each of the 19 areas may have one or more of these types of clay, and almost every teapot made since 1950 is a mixture of multiple areas. Lleva tu comunidad favorita contigo y no te pierdas de nada. And if so, how much is estimated to exist? Kaolinite  (helps teapot to be more flexible and reduless breakage), Aluminum oxide: (helps it to withstand heat), Ferric oxide (changes the color and makes the teapot matte). Determining the age or provenance of a teapot is difficult or impossible even for experts. There are three types of yixing teapot - purple clay, red clay (hongni, zhuni) and green clay. With very few exceptions, all yixing teapots are hand built as yixing clay is too crumbly and dry to turn on a wheel. Zini is the Chinese name for the purple Yixing clay. Clay: Duani, yellow. This teapot’s thick walls and the high iron content of the clay (9.2%) provide excellent insulation, protecting your tea from temperature variations. The steep price has tea drinkers questioning if it's really superior to other types of unglazed clay teapots. – Gao Zhuang . HongNi is red clay, and is often lower quality than ZiSha – but ZhuNi is the highest quality of HongNi (the highest fired and even more porous due to the refining process) and is the rarest type of … Kiln Type: Dragon Kiln. Things started changing since a monk from "Golden Sand Temple" started selling his mesmerizing "Five Colors Clay" (aka Purple Sand or … Spout Height: 5.5 cm (2 in) Spout Opening Diameter: 0.7 cm (0.3 in) Mouth Opening Diameter: 5.9 cm (2.3 in) Reviews There are no reviews yet. Genuine purple clay was extracted from the ZiSha undressed ore in Huang Long mountain (黄龙山), a mountain located in the YiXing, JiangSu province locality. With time and good care your Yixing teapot will reward you with more sophisticated flavours. Despite the name, this clay turns dark brown once it is fired. ZiSha is purple clay, and what most 茶人 think of as “Yixing”. No matter which type of Yixing Clay teapot, they all have one same characteristic. They are known as Purple Sand ware, and are typically unglazed. It all began with a legend. It’s natural colour is white. The clay used for the first Yixing teapots came from west of Taihu, the great lake in the Jiangsu province, where the hills produce rich clay deposits. The composition and color of the clay varies by region, and multiple regions are blended to yield the sought after ZiSha, HongNi, and DuanNi clay. Some of the most popular types of the naturally occurring resource include Zini, Duanni, and Hongni. Eventually, this research will yield a better scientific understanding of the magic and allure of Yixing clay. The 800 – 1280 degree Celsius range in firing is responsible for inducing changes in the structure and properties in the clay, and its final color. This exhibit featured most of the major clay types found in the, now closed, historic mines in Dingshu town, namely QingLongShan and HuangLongShan. People have been making yixing style teapots for over a thousand years, but it wasn't always a mainstream practice for tea brewing. Wheel throwing will leave a slight circular pattern on either the inside or outside of the pot. Yixing teaware is considered by many the only possible option for gong fu style tea; beating porcelain, glass, and other clay teapots. Chaozhou teapots are considered best for drinking Dan Cong Oolongs.

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